作者 主题: 安徒生和他的童话  (阅读 1338 次)

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离线 乡巴佬

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安徒生和他的童话
« 于: 2018-10-05, 周五 14:08:07 »
安徒生生平简记,出自汉斯·克里斯汀·安徒生的 Fairy Tales,由 Barnes&Noble Classics 于 2007 年出版。

无聊时手边正好有这本书,感觉模组里可以用,就试着翻译下。搞完前几段我这个英语渣发现贼难,况且我对安徒生的了解只限于童年回忆,还好大佬的帮助下磕磕绊绊完成。若是觉得翻译太差,可以直接看页底的原版。

有什么问题请务必提出来,我会加以改进(虽然没人看啦)。
« 上次编辑: 2018-10-11, 周四 23:45:01 由 Elliott »

离线 乡巴佬

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Re: 安徒生和他的童话
« 回帖 #1 于: 2018-10-05, 周五 14:10:59 »
1805

汉斯·克里斯汀·安徒生在 4 月 2 日出生于丹麦的欧登塞。他的父亲汉斯·安徒生是一名鞋匠;母亲安娜·玛丽亚·安德斯达特是位洗衣妇。



1812

汉斯·安徒生在拿破仑时代的丹麦军队服役。格林兄弟第一卷《儿童与家庭童话集》出版。



1813

丹麦哲学家、神学家索伦·克尔凯郭尔诞生。



1814

汉斯·安徒生服役期间患病,回到欧登塞。丹麦将挪威的掌控权移交给瑞典。



1815

格林兄弟第二卷《儿童与家庭童话集》出版。



1816

汉斯·安徒生逝世。年轻的汉斯需要在工厂工作补贴家用。



1818

安娜·玛丽亚再婚,但家庭经济状况并没有改善。汉斯在镇上中产精英聚集的沙龙里,凭借出色的歌声赚钱。



1819

年轻的汉斯离开欧登塞,在丹麦首都哥本哈根追求成为职业歌手、舞蹈家和演员。在赢得作曲家克里斯托弗·魏泽等人的赞助前,他征求到由该市艺术机构的领军人物提供的歌唱课和小额津贴。



1820

他的津贴已经耗尽,绝望的安徒生加入了哥本哈根皇家合唱团,并担任过几个小角色。



1822

安徒生的剧本被剧院拒绝。在剧院主管乔纳斯·科林的帮助下,安徒生在离哥本哈根 50 英里坐落于斯劳厄尔瑟的私立学校上学,且通过奖学金申请。格林兄弟出版了第三卷《儿童与家庭童话集》。德国浪漫主义作家恩斯特·霍夫曼逝世。
« 上次编辑: 2018-10-11, 周四 07:55:50 由 Elliott »

离线 乡巴佬

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Re: 安徒生和他的童话
« 回帖 #2 于: 2018-10-05, 周五 14:12:38 »
1827

安徒生回到哥本哈根并仍然受乔纳斯·科林的赞助,他开始与国际大都会的文明家庭一起用餐,并与他赞助人的儿子爱德华·科林发展终身友谊。他出版了他的第一部作品,名为《垂死的孩子》的诗。



1829

安徒生通过了哥本哈根大学的入学考试,但没有入学。 他出版了他的第一本书,《1828 年和 1829 年从霍尔门运河至阿迈厄岛东角步行记》。 他的第一部戏剧《圣尼古拉教堂钟楼的爱情》在皇家剧院出演。



1831

他首次访问德国并会见了许多重要的作家,其中包括德国童话作家路德维希·蒂克。



1832

安徒生完成了三本自传中的第一本《The Book of My Life》,直至 1926 才会出版。《浮士德》的第二部分是在歌德死后出版的。



1833

安德森的母亲因酒精中毒逝世。 在这一年和第二年,安徒生前往德国、巴黎、瑞士和意大利。大英帝国废除了奴隶制。



1835

《即兴诗人》是一部在意大利创作的自传体小说,非常成功,立即以德文出版。安徒生的《讲给孩子们听的故事》第一册于 5 月出版;该卷包括《牛油蜡烛》,《大小克劳斯》和《豌豆公主》。12 月,他出版了第二册,其中包括《拇指姑娘》和《淘气男孩》。



1836

安徒生第二部自传体小说《奥·特》出版。查尔斯·狄更斯的《匹克威克外传》开始按月分期发布。



1837

安徒生童话的第三册出版,其中包含《小美人鱼》和《皇帝的新衣》。第三本自传体小说《不过是个提琴手》出版。



1838

因为丹麦国王授予的年度补助金,安徒生得于专注写作。他出版了新版《讲给孩子们听的故事》第一册,其中包括《小锡兵》和《野天鹅》。当时,英格兰最畅销的是狄更斯的《雾都孤儿》。自然主义者和艺术家约翰·奥杜邦完成了四卷《美国鸟类》的出版。



1839

新版《讲给孩子们听的故事》第二册出版,包括《飞箱》和《鹳鸟》。

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Re: 安徒生和他的童话
« 回帖 #3 于: 2018-10-05, 周五 14:14:36 »
1840

安徒生的戏剧《黑白混血儿》戏剧化了奴隶制的邪恶,并在皇家剧院首次出演《摩尔人的女儿》。在今年和第二年,他前往意大利、希腊和土耳其。



1842

安徒生出版了新版《讲给孩子们听的故事》第三册,它包括《玫瑰花精》和《牧豬王子》。游记《一个诗人的市场》出版。



1843

狄更斯的《圣诞颂歌》出版。德国诗人弗里德里希·荷尔德林逝世。英国评论家约翰·拉斯金出版了《现代画家》第一卷。蒂沃利花园在哥本哈根开放。



1844

出版了包含《丑小鸭》和《夜莺》故事的新童话故事集。安德森第一次造访德国魏玛,这是一个文化城市,他将在接下来的几年内多次来访。



1845

安徒生的《新童话集》出版,其中包括《冰雪女王》和《枞树》,以及第三个合集,其中包括《红鞋》和《牧羊女和烟囱清扫工》。



1847

他完成了《新童话集》第三卷,收录了《影子》。安徒生的第二本自传《我一生真实的故事》以德文出版,不久便翻译成英文。这年,安徒生访问英格兰并会见狄更斯。



1848

第四卷《新童话集》出版,其中包括《卖火柴的小女孩》和爱国小说《两位男爵夫人》。弗雷德里克七世登基。丹麦同德国、普鲁士开战,且控制了石勒苏益格-荷尔斯泰因。德国政治理论家、革命家卡尔·马克思制定了《共产党宣言》。



1851

安徒生的游记《瑞典风光》出版。德法诗人海因里希·海涅的《罗曼采罗》出版。美国作家赫尔曼·梅尔维尔的《白鲸记》出版。



1852

安徒生发布了《故事集》,其中包括《完全是真的》。狄更斯开始每月序列化《荒凉山庄》。德国剧作家弗里德里希·黑贝尔的《阿格尼丝·贝瑙尔》首次出演。



1853

安徒生出版了第二版《故事集》,其中包括《各得其所》。
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离线 乡巴佬

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Re: 安徒生和他的童话
« 回帖 #4 于: 2018-10-05, 周五 14:16:27 »
1855

安徒生的第三部也是最后一部自传《我的童话人生》出版。 克尔凯郭尔逝世。 美国诗人沃尔特·惠特曼出版了《草叶集》。



1857

安徒生出版小说《生存还是毁灭》。



1858

安徒生出版了《新的童话和故事》系列的前两卷包括《一点成绩》和《沼泽王的女儿》。



1859

第三卷《新的童话和故事》出版,包括《踩着面包走的女孩》。



1860

《彼得潘》的作者,英国剧作家詹姆斯·巴利诞生。



1861

安徒生出版了第二部《新的童话和故事》系列的第一卷,包括《雪人》和《老头子做事总不会错》。



1862

第二部《新的童话和故事》的第二卷包括《冰姑娘》和《蝴蝶》。



1863

安徒生出版游记《西班牙纪行》。



1864

丹麦、普鲁士和奥地利在石勒苏益格-荷尔斯泰因开战,丹麦无奈投降。法国科学家路易·巴斯德证明,用热处理可以保护某些食物免受破坏性微生物的侵害。



1865

安徒生的出版了第二部《新的童话和故事》第三卷,其中包括《鬼火进城了》。俄罗斯作家列夫·托尔斯泰的《战争与和平》出版。英国作家刘易斯·卡罗尔出版了《爱丽丝梦游仙境》。英国作家鲁德亚德·吉卜林出生。

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Re: 安徒生和他的童话
« 回帖 #5 于: 2018-10-05, 周五 14:17:18 »
1866

安徒生出版了《新的童话和故事》第四卷,其中包括《夏日痴》。



1870

安徒生最后一部小说《幸运的贝儿》出版。



1872

安徒生出版了第三部《新的童话和故事》前两卷,包括《园丁和主人》,《牙疼姑妈》和《老约翰妮讲的故事》。癌症的初期症状在他身上显现。



1875

汉斯·克里斯汀·安徒生于 8 月 4 日在哥本哈根与世长辞。数百名敬慕者参加了他的葬礼,丹麦国王也在其中。
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Re: 安徒生和他的童话
« 回帖 #6 于: 2018-10-06, 周六 09:00:50 »
1805
Hans Christian Andersen is born on April 2, in the Danish city of Odense. His father, Hans Andersen, is a cobbler ; his mother, Anne Marie Andersdatter, works as a washerwoman.

1812
Hans Andersen Sr. leaves his family to serve in the Danish army at a time when Denmark is an ally of Napoleon. Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm publish the first volume of Children's and Household Tales.

1813
Danish philosopher and theologian Søren Kierkegaard is born.

1814
Hans Andersen Sr. returns to Odense, suffering from an illness contracted while he was in the army. Denmark cedes control of Norway to Sweden.

1815
The Grimm brothers publish the second volume of Children’s and Household Tales.

1816
Hans Andersen Sr. dies. Young Hans takes a factory job to help support the household.

1818
Anne Marie remarries, but the family’s financial situation does not improve. Endowed with an exceptional singing voice, Hans earns money singing in the salons of the town’s educated middle class.

1819
Young Hans leaves Odense and travels to Denmark’s capital, Copenhagen, where he pursues a career as a singer, dancer, and actor. He solicits leading figures in the city’s arts establishment before winning the patronage of composer C. E. F. Weyse, among others; he is provided with singing lessons and a small stipend.

1820
His stipend depleted, a desperate Andersen joins Copenhagen’s Royal Theater choir and lands several minor roles with the company.

1822
A play written by Andersen is rejected by the theater. With the help of one of the theater’s directors, Jonas Collin, Andersen obtains a scholarship that allows him to attend a private school in Slagelse, 50 miles from Copenhagen. The Grimms publish a third volume of Children’s and Household Tales. German Romantic author E. T. A. Hoffmann dies.

1827
Returning to Copenhagen and still under the patronage of Jonas Collin, Andersen begins dining with the cultured families of the cosmopolitan city and develops a lifelong friendship with his patron’s son, Edvard Collin. He publishes his first work, a poem called “The Dying Child.”

1829
Andersen passes entrance exams for the University of Copenhagen but does not enroll. He publishes his first book, A Walking Tour from the Holmen Canal to the Eastern Point of Amager. His first play, Love at St. Nicholas Tower, is performed at the Royal Theater.

1831
He makes his first major trip to Germany and meets many important authors and writers, including Ludwig Tieck, a German writer of fairy tales.

1832
Andersen writes The Book of My Life, the first of three autobiographies he will produce; it will not be published until 1926. The second part of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust is published posthumously.

1833
Andersen’s mother, overcome by alcoholism, dies. During this year and the next, Andersen travels to Germany, Paris, Switzerland, and Italy. Slavery is abolished in the British Empire.

1835
The Improvisatore, an autobiographical novel set in Italy, is so successful that it is immediately published in German . Andersen’s first booklet of fairy tales, Fairy Tales Told for Children, is published in May; the volume includes “The Tinderbox,” “Little Claus and Big Claus,” and “The Princess on the Pea.” In December he publishes a second booklet of Fairy Tales that includes “Thumbelina” and “The Naughty Boy.”

1836
Andersen’s second autobiographical novel, O. T.: Life in Denmark, is published. Charles Dickens’s The Pickwick Papers begins to be published in monthly installments.

1837
A third booklet of Andersen’s Fairy Tales is published, this one containing “The Little Mermaid” and “The Emperor’s New Clothes.” A third autobiographical novel, Only a Fiddler, is published.

1838
The King of Denmark awards Andersen an annual grant that allows him to concentrate on writing. He publishes the first booklet of a new collection of Fairy Tales Told for Children that includes “The Steadfast Tin Soldier” and “The Wild Swans.” Dickens’s Oliver Twist is a best-seller in England. Naturalist and artist John James Audubon completes publication of the four volumes of The Birds of America.

1839
The second booklet of the new Fairy Tales collection, including “The Flying Trunk” and “The Storks,” is published .

1840
Andersen’s plays The Mulatto, which dramatizes the evils of slavery, and The Moorish Maiden debut at the Royal Theater. During this year and the next, he travels to Italy, Greece, and Turkey.

1842
Andersen publishes the third booklet of the new collection of Fairy Tales; it includes “The Rose Elf” and “The Swineherd.” He publishes the travel book A Poet’s Bazaar.

1843
Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol. German poet Friedrich Hölderlin dies. English critic John Ruskin publishes the first volume of his critical work Modern Painters. The Tivoli Gardens open in Copenhagen.

1844
New Fairy Tales, a collection of tales containing “The Ugly Duckling” and “The Nightingale,” is published. Andersen makes his first visit to Weimar, Germany, a cultured city to which he will return repeatedly in the years that follow.

1845
He publishes a second collection of New Fairy Tales, which includes “The Snow Queen” and “The Spruce Tree,” and a third collection, which includes “The Red Shoes” and “The Shepherdess and the Chimney Sweep.”

1847
He produces a third volume of New Fairy Tales; it includes “The Shadow.” Andersen’s second autobiography , The True Story of My Life, is published in German and is shortly translated into English. Andersen visits England and meets Dickens.

1848
He publishes a fourth volume of New Fairy Tales, which includes “The Little Match Girl,” and a patriotic novel, The Two Baronesses. Frederick VII becomes the Danish king. Denmark goes to war with Germany and Prussia over control of the region Schleswig-Holstein. German political theorist and revolutionary Karl Marx produces his Communist Manifesto.

1851
In Sweden, a travel narrative of Andersen’s visit to that country, is published. German-French poet Heinrich Heine publishes Romanzero. American writer Herman Melville publishes Moby-Dick.

1852
Andersen publishes Stories, which includes “It’s Perfectly True!” Dickens begins monthly serialization of Bleak House. German playwright Christian Friedrich Hebbel’s Agnes Bernauer debuts.

1853
Andersen publishes a second collection of Stories that includes “Everything in Its Proper Place”.

1855
The Fairy Tale of My Life, Andersen’s third and final autobiography, is published. Kierkegaard dies. American poet Walt Whitman publishes Leaves of Grass.

1857
Andersen publishes the novel To Be or Not to Be.

1858
Andersen publishes the first two volumes of the series New Fairy Tales and Stories; included are “Something” and “The Bog King’s Daughter.”

1859
A third volume of New Fairy Tales and Stories, including “The Girl Who Stepped on Bread”, is published.

1860
English playwright J. M. Barrie, author of Peter Pan, is born.

1861
Andersen publishes the first volume in a second series of New Fairy Tales and Stories; included are “The Snow-man” and “What Father Does Is Always Right”.

1862
He publishes a second volume in the second series of New Fairy Tales and Stories; included are “The Ice Maiden” and “The Butterfly.”

1863
Andersen publishes the travel book In Spain.

1864
Denmark goes to war with Prussia and Austria over Schleswig-Holstein, which Denmark is forced to relinquish . French scientist Louis Pasteur demonstrates that treatment with heat protects certain foods from damaging microorganisms.

1865
Andersen publishes a third volume in the second series of New Fairy Tales and Stories, including “The Will-o’-the Wisps Are in Town”. Russian writer Leo Tolstoy begins publishing War and Peace. English author Lewis Carroll publishes Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. English author Rudyard Kipling is born.

1866
Andersen publishes a fourth volume in the second series of New Fairy Tales and Stories, including “The Snowdrop.”

1870
Lucky Peter, Andersen’s last novel, appears.

1872
Andersen publishes two volumes in the third series of New Fairy Tales and Stories, including “The Gardener and the Gentry,” “Auntie Toothache,” and “The Story Old Johanna Told”; he begins to experience the first symptoms of liver cancer.

1875
Hans Christian Andersen dies on August 4 in Copenhagen. His funeral is attended by hundreds of admirers, including the Danish king.
« 上次编辑: 2018-10-06, 周六 09:06:22 由 Elliott »